Difference between revisions of "FreeBSD Guest Notes"

From Proxmox VE
Jump to navigation Jump to search
 
(37 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[[Category:HOWTO]]
 
[[Category:HOWTO]]
'''WARNING: This part is currently in test - it may render your system un-bootable when you make changes to your <code>/etc/fstab</code>.'''
+
Setting up a FreeBSD Guest on PVE.
 +
:'''Note:''' This has been tested with FreeBSD 10.3 RELEASE (and patch levels). Some steps have been removed as they have been deprecated in newer FreeBSD versions.
  
This part is KVM specific, however, it is similar to installing VMWare Tools or [http://open-vm-tools.sourceforge.net/ Open VM Tools].
+
==Create VM==
* Install virtio-kmod:
+
* Download the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO (from [http://www.freebsd.org/where.html here]) and transfer it to your VM server.
==Enable Virto==
+
* Create a new VM:
<pre>
+
** CPU: dual-socket and/or dual-core
cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtio-kmod && make clean install
+
** RAM: 2GB (minimum)
</pre>
+
** Network: Virtio
* When prompted on each required package, accept defaults and OK.
+
** Disk: 32GB (or higher), virtio, qcow2
* Copy the virtio modules into <code>/boot/kernel</code> directory:
+
** Add FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO as an optical drive.
<pre>
+
 
cp -Rp /usr/local/modules/* /boot/kernel/
+
==Install FreeBSD==
kldxref /boot/kernel
+
* Power on the VM.
</pre>
+
* It should boot to the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO.
* Add the following to <code>/boot/loader.conf</code>:
+
* System Components: Disable optional (games, etc).
 +
* Disks: Auto (ZFS) Guided Root-on-ZFS, stripe virtual device, choose vtbd0 VirtIO Block Device.
 +
* Network: Choose vtnet0 VirtIO Networking Adapter. Use ipv4 only (unless you also use ipv6).
 +
* Services: Add ntpd.
 +
* This should leave you with FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE installed on the primary drive.
 +
* Shut down the VM after installation.
 +
* Remove the ISO from the VM's optical drive (set to empty).
 +
* Verify the VM's boot order is set to the primary hard disk first.
 +
 
 +
==First Boot==
 +
* Power on the VM and log in.
 +
* Set the time:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
virtio_load="YES"
+
ntpdate -s pool.ntp.org
virtio_pci_load="YES"
 
virtio_blk_load="YES"
 
if_vtnet_load="YES"
 
virtio_balloon_load="YES"
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
* Enable virtio for disk by changing your <code>/etc/fstab</code> entries to use the '''vtbd''' prefix. Example:
+
* Update the system:
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
# Device        Mountpoint      FStype  Options Dump    Pass#
+
freebsd-update fetch
/dev/vtbd0p2    /              ufs    rw      1      1
+
freebsd-update install
/dev/vtbd0p3    none            swap    sw      0      0
 
</pre>
 
* Enable virtio for network by changing the <code>ifconfig_em0="DHCP"</code> line in <code>/etc/rc.conf</code> to:
 
<pre>
 
ifconfig_vtnet0="DHCP"
 
</pre>
 
* Shutdown the VM
 
<pre>
 
shutdown -p now
 
</pre>
 
* Change network and disk drivers to virtio.
 
* Power on the VM.
 
* Verify that virtio is loading:
 
<pre>
 
kldstat
 
 
 
Id Refs Address            Size    Name
 
1  12 0xffffffff80200000 11cdab0  kernel
 
2    5 0xffffffff813ce000 4ca0    virtio.ko
 
3    1 0xffffffff813d3000 5880    virtio_pci.ko
 
4    1 0xffffffff813d9000 5010    virtio_blk.ko
 
5    1 0xffffffff813df000 aeb0    if_vtnet.ko
 
6    1 0xffffffff813ea000 3210    virtio_balloon.ko
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
* Reboot

Latest revision as of 20:43, 27 April 2016

Setting up a FreeBSD Guest on PVE.

Note: This has been tested with FreeBSD 10.3 RELEASE (and patch levels). Some steps have been removed as they have been deprecated in newer FreeBSD versions.

Create VM

  • Download the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO (from here) and transfer it to your VM server.
  • Create a new VM:
    • CPU: dual-socket and/or dual-core
    • RAM: 2GB (minimum)
    • Network: Virtio
    • Disk: 32GB (or higher), virtio, qcow2
    • Add FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO as an optical drive.

Install FreeBSD

  • Power on the VM.
  • It should boot to the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO.
  • System Components: Disable optional (games, etc).
  • Disks: Auto (ZFS) Guided Root-on-ZFS, stripe virtual device, choose vtbd0 VirtIO Block Device.
  • Network: Choose vtnet0 VirtIO Networking Adapter. Use ipv4 only (unless you also use ipv6).
  • Services: Add ntpd.
  • This should leave you with FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE installed on the primary drive.
  • Shut down the VM after installation.
  • Remove the ISO from the VM's optical drive (set to empty).
  • Verify the VM's boot order is set to the primary hard disk first.

First Boot

  • Power on the VM and log in.
  • Set the time:
ntpdate -s pool.ntp.org
  • Update the system:
freebsd-update fetch
freebsd-update install
  • Reboot