Difference between revisions of "FreeBSD Guest Notes"

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[[Category:HOWTO]]
 
[[Category:HOWTO]]
==Enable Virto==
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Setting up a FreeBSD Guest on PVE.
'''WARNING: This part is currently in test - it may render your system un-bootable when you make changes to your <code>/etc/fstab</code>.'''
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:'''Note:''' This has been tested with FreeBSD 10.3 RELEASE (and patch levels). Some steps have been removed as they have been deprecated in newer FreeBSD versions.
* Install virtio-kmod:
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<pre>
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==Create VM==
cd /usr/ports/emulators/virtio-kmod && make clean install
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* Download the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO (from [http://www.freebsd.org/where.html here]) and transfer it to your VM server.
</pre>
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* Create a new VM:
* When prompted on each required package, accept defaults and OK.
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** CPU: dual-socket and/or dual-core
* Copy the virtio modules into <code>/boot/kernel</code> directory:
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** RAM: 2GB (minimum)
<pre>
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** Network: Virtio
cp -Rp /usr/local/modules/* /boot/kernel/
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** Disk: 32GB (or higher), virtio, qcow2
kldxref /boot/kernel
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** Add FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO as an optical drive.
</pre>
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* Add the following to <code>/boot/loader.conf</code>:
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==Install FreeBSD==
<pre>
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* Power on the VM.
virtio_load="YES"
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* It should boot to the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO.
virtio_pci_load="YES"
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* System Components: Disable optional (games, etc).
virtio_blk_load="YES"
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* Disks: Auto (ZFS) Guided Root-on-ZFS, stripe virtual device, choose vtbd0 VirtIO Block Device.
if_vtnet_load="YES"
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* Network: Choose vtnet0 VirtIO Networking Adapter. Use ipv4 only (unless you also use ipv6).
virtio_balloon_load="YES"
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* Services: Add ntpd.
</pre>
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* This should leave you with FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE installed on the primary drive.
* Enable virtio for disk by changing your <code>/etc/fstab</code> entries to use the '''vtbd''' prefix. Example:
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* Shut down the VM after installation.
<pre>
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* Remove the ISO from the VM's optical drive (set to empty).
# Device        Mountpoint      FStype  Options Dump    Pass#
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* Verify the VM's boot order is set to the primary hard disk first.
/dev/vtbd0p2    /              ufs    rw      1      1
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/dev/vtbd0p3    none            swap    sw      0      0
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==First Boot==
</pre>
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* Power on the VM and log in.
* Enable virtio for network by changing the <code>ifconfig_em0="DHCP"</code> line in <code>/etc/rc.conf</code> to:
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* Set the time:
<pre>
 
ifconfig_vtnet0="DHCP"
 
</pre>
 
* Shutdown the VM
 
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
shutdown -p now
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ntpdate -s pool.ntp.org
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
* Change network and disk drivers to virtio.
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* Update the system:
* Power on the VM.
 
* Verify that virtio is loading:
 
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
kldstat
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freebsd-update fetch
 
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freebsd-update install
Id Refs Address            Size    Name
 
1  12 0xffffffff80200000 11cdab0  kernel
 
2    5 0xffffffff813ce000 4ca0    virtio.ko
 
3    1 0xffffffff813d3000 5880    virtio_pci.ko
 
4    1 0xffffffff813d9000 5010    virtio_blk.ko
 
5    1 0xffffffff813df000 aeb0    if_vtnet.ko
 
6    1 0xffffffff813ea000 3210    virtio_balloon.ko
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
* Reboot

Latest revision as of 21:43, 27 April 2016

Setting up a FreeBSD Guest on PVE.

Note: This has been tested with FreeBSD 10.3 RELEASE (and patch levels). Some steps have been removed as they have been deprecated in newer FreeBSD versions.

Create VM

  • Download the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO (from here) and transfer it to your VM server.
  • Create a new VM:
    • CPU: dual-socket and/or dual-core
    • RAM: 2GB (minimum)
    • Network: Virtio
    • Disk: 32GB (or higher), virtio, qcow2
    • Add FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO as an optical drive.

Install FreeBSD

  • Power on the VM.
  • It should boot to the FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE-amd64 DVD ISO.
  • System Components: Disable optional (games, etc).
  • Disks: Auto (ZFS) Guided Root-on-ZFS, stripe virtual device, choose vtbd0 VirtIO Block Device.
  • Network: Choose vtnet0 VirtIO Networking Adapter. Use ipv4 only (unless you also use ipv6).
  • Services: Add ntpd.
  • This should leave you with FreeBSD 10.3-RELEASE installed on the primary drive.
  • Shut down the VM after installation.
  • Remove the ISO from the VM's optical drive (set to empty).
  • Verify the VM's boot order is set to the primary hard disk first.

First Boot

  • Power on the VM and log in.
  • Set the time:
ntpdate -s pool.ntp.org
  • Update the system:
freebsd-update fetch
freebsd-update install
  • Reboot