Difference between revisions of "Full Mesh Network for Ceph Server"

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== Introduction= =
+
== Introduction ==
  
This wiki page describes how to configure in Proxmox VE (or any other Debian based LINUX distribution) a three node [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesh_networking "Meshed Network"] (instead of a network switch) as it can be used e.g. for connecting [[Ceph Server | Ceph Servers]] or nodes in a [[Proxmox VE 4.x Cluster | Proxmox VE Cluster]]. This should also work with a 5-node cluster, general you need nodes_total - 1 = nic ports. The basic idea is running a small 3 node cluster with 10 Gbit network WITHOUT buying an expensive 10 Gbit network switch.
+
This wiki page describes how to configure a three node [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mesh_networking "Meshed Network"] Proxmox VE (or any other Debian based Linux distribution), which can be, for example, used for connecting [[Deploy Hyper-Converged Ceph Cluster | Ceph Servers]] or nodes in a [[Cluster Manager | Proxmox VE Cluster]] with the maximum possible bandwidth and without using a switch. We recommend to use switches for clusters larger than 3 nodes or if a 3 node cluster should be expanded in the future.
  
This should work with any kind of ethernet NICs, i.e. also 40 Gbit or even 100 Gbit ones. But for verifying this article, 10 Gbit Intel NICs were used.
+
The big advantage of this setup is that you can achieve a fast network connection between the nodes (10, 25, 40 or 100Gbit/s) WITHOUT buying expensive switches which can handle these fast speeds.
  
== Method 1 ==
+
You need at least two available NICs in each server which each connect to one of the other servers.
Create the Full Mesh on the GUI or on the Command Line is both possible.
+
<pre>
 +
            ┌───────┐
 +
      ┌────┤ Node1 ├────┐
 +
      │    └───────┘    │
 +
  ┌───┴───┐        ┌───┴───┐
 +
  │ Node2 ├─────────┤ Node3 │
 +
  └───────┘        └───────┘
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
There are three possible ways to set up such a network:
 +
 
 +
# RSTP: A loop with the rapid spanning tree protocol enabled
 +
# Routed: Each packet is sent to the addressed node only
 +
# Broadcast: Each packet is sent to both other nodes
 +
 
 +
Each setup has benefits and caveats.
 +
The '''RSTP''' setup is the most fault-tolerant. If the loop is complete, RSTP will create an artificial cut-off between two nodes, e.g. between Node 1 and Node 3. This means, Node 2 is in between Node 1 and 3 and the traffic between Node 1 and Node 3 is going via Node 2. Should a cable or NIC fail somewhere else, for example between Node 1 and Node 2, RSTP will remove the cut-off within a few seconds. Node 3 is now in between Node 1 and 2 and has to handle that traffic as well. Once the broken part has been replaced and the loop if complete again, RSTP will introduce another artificial cut-off.
 +
 
 +
The '''routed''' setup is the most performant. It uses less bandwidth by routing the traffic only to the destination node.
 +
The advantage of the '''broadcast''' method is an easier setup process, but it will send all data to both other nodes, using up more bandwidth.
 +
 
 +
The routed and broadcast method do not have any fault tolerance themselves, but of course you could combine them with a bond to increase fault tolerance at the cost of more NICs and cables.
 +
 
 +
== Example ==
 +
 
 +
3 servers:
 +
* Node1 with IP addresses x.x.x.50
 +
* Node2 with IP addresses x.x.x.51
 +
* Node3 with IP addresses x.x.x.52
 +
 
 +
3 to 4 Network ports in each server:
 +
* ens18, ens19 will be used for the actual full mesh. Physical direct connections to the other two servers, 10.15.15.y/24
 +
* ens20 connection to WAN (internet/router), using at vmbr0 192.168.2.y
 +
* ens21 (optional) LAN (for cluster traffic, etc.) 10.14.14.y
 +
 
 +
Direct connections between servers:
 +
* Node1/ens18 - Node2/ens19
 +
* Node2/ens18 - Node3/ens19
 +
* Node3/ens18 - Node1/ens19
 +
 
 +
Please adapt the NIC names and IP addresses according to your situation.
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
                    ┌───────────┐
 +
                    │  Node1  │
 +
                    ├─────┬─────┤
 +
                    │ens18│ens19│
 +
                    └──┬──┴──┬──┘
 +
                      │    │
 +
┌───────┬─────┐        │    │        ┌─────┬───────┐
 +
│      │ens19├────────┘    └────────┤ens18│      │
 +
│ Node2 ├─────┤                      ├─────┤ Node3 │
 +
│      │ens18├───────────────────────┤ens19│      │
 +
└───────┴─────┘                      └─────┴───────┘
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
== RSTP Loop Setup ==
 +
 
 +
This setup requires the use of Open vSwitch (OVS) as it supports RSTP (Rapid spanning tree protocol). The Linux bridge itself only supports STP (without the rapid) which usually needs too long to react to a changed topology. In our tests we saw the RSTP setup to recover from one network connection going down within a few seconds while STP took about 30 seconds. This is long enough for Ceph to start to complain and throw some warnings.
 +
 
 +
First the package `openvswitch-switch` needs to be installed on all nodes:
 +
 
 +
apt install openvswitch-switch
 +
 
 +
The network configuration will look the same for each node, except for the IP addresses.
 +
 
 +
==== /etc/network/interface ====
 +
<pre>
 +
auto lo
 +
iface lo inet loopback
 +
 
 +
iface ens20 inet manual
  
 +
auto ens21
 +
iface ens21 inet static
 +
        address  10.14.14.51
 +
        netmask  255.255.255.0
  
 +
auto vmbr0
 +
iface vmbr0 inet static
 +
        address  192.168.2.51
 +
        netmask  255.255.240.0
 +
        gateway  192.168.2.1
 +
        bridge_ports ens20
 +
        bridge_stp off
 +
        bridge_fd 0
 +
 +
auto ens18
 +
iface ens18 inet manual
 +
    ovs_type OVSPort
 +
    ovs_bridge vmbr1
 +
    ovs_options other_config:rstp-enable=true other_config:rstp-path-cost=150 other_config:rstp-port-admin-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-auto-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-mcheck=true vlan_mode=native-untagged
 +
 +
auto ens19
 +
iface ens19 inet manual
 +
    ovs_type OVSPort
 +
    ovs_bridge vmbr1
 +
    ovs_options other_config:rstp-enable=true other_config:rstp-path-cost=150 other_config:rstp-port-admin-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-auto-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-mcheck=true vlan_mode=native-untagged
 +
 +
auto vmbr1
 +
iface vmbr1 inet static
 +
    address 10.15.15.50/24
 +
    ovs_type OVSBridge
 +
    ovs_ports ens18 ens19
 +
    up ovs-vsctl set Bridge ${IFACE} rstp_enable=true other_config:rstp-priority=32768 other_config:rstp-forward-delay=4 other_config:rstp-max-age=6
 +
    post-up sleep 10
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
If needed, you can set the MTU with `ovs_mtu 9000` in the `vmbr1`, `eno18` and `eno19` configs.
 +
You can check the RSTP status with
 +
 +
ovs-appctl rstp/show
 +
 +
== Routed Setup ==
 +
 +
Corresponding to the above described setup example, the 3 nodes have to be configured as described in the following sections.
 +
Note that multicast is not possible with this method.
  
== Method 1 ==
 
 
=== Node1 ===
 
=== Node1 ===
==== /etc/network/interface ===
+
==== /etc/network/interface ====
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
 
auto lo
 
auto lo
 
iface lo inet loopback
 
iface lo inet loopback
  
iface eth2 inet manual
+
iface ens20 inet manual
  
auto eth3
+
auto ens21
iface eth3 inet static
+
iface ens21 inet static
 
         address  10.14.14.50
 
         address  10.14.14.50
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
  
 
# Connected to Node2 (.51)
 
# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto eth0
+
auto ens18
iface eth0 inet static
+
iface ens18 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.50
 
         address  10.15.15.50
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.51 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens18
         down route del -net 10.15.15.51 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32
  
 
# Connected to Node3 (.52)
 
# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto eth1
+
auto ens19
iface eth1 inet static
+
iface ens19 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.50
 
         address  10.15.15.50
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.52 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens19
         down route del -net 10.15.15.52 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32
  
 
auto vmbr0
 
auto vmbr0
Line 45: Line 158:
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
         bridge_ports eth2
+
         bridge_ports ens20
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_fd 0
 
         bridge_fd 0
 +
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
 
==== route ====
 
==== route ====
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
root@pve-2-50:~# route -n
+
root@pve-2-50:~# ip route
Kernel IP routing table
+
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink
Destination    Gateway        Genmask        Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
+
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.50
10.15.15.51    0.0.0.0         255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50
10.15.15.52    0.0.0.0        255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50
10.15.15.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.52 dev ens19 scope link
10.15.15.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.51 dev ens18 scope link
10.14.14.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth3
+
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.50
192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.240.0  U    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
0.0.0.0        192.168.2.1    0.0.0.0        UG    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
Line 70: Line 182:
 
iface lo inet loopback
 
iface lo inet loopback
  
iface eth2 inet manual
+
iface ens20 inet manual
  
auto eth3
+
auto ens21
iface eth3 inet static
+
iface ens21 inet static
 
         address  10.14.14.51
 
         address  10.14.14.51
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
  
# Connected to Node1 (.50)
+
# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto eth0
+
auto ens18
iface eth0 inet static
+
iface ens18 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.51
 
         address  10.15.15.51
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.50 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens18
         down route del -net 10.15.15.50 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32
  
# Connected to Node3 (.52)
+
# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto eth1
+
auto ens19
iface eth1 inet static
+
iface ens19 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.51
 
         address  10.15.15.51
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.52 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens19
         down route del -net 10.15.15.52 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32
  
 
auto vmbr0
 
auto vmbr0
Line 98: Line 210:
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
         bridge_ports eth2
+
         bridge_ports ens20
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_fd 0
 
         bridge_fd 0
 +
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
 
==== route ====
 
==== route ====
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
root@pve-2-51:/# route -n
+
root@pve-2-51:/# ip route
Kernel IP routing table
+
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink
Destination    Gateway        Genmask        Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
+
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.51
10.15.15.50    0.0.0.0         255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51
10.15.15.52    0.0.0.0        255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51
10.15.15.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.52 dev ens18 scope link
10.15.15.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.50 dev ens19 scope link
10.14.14.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth3
+
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.51
192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.240.0  U    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
0.0.0.0        192.168.2.1    0.0.0.0        UG    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
Line 123: Line 234:
 
iface lo inet loopback
 
iface lo inet loopback
  
iface eth2 inet manual
+
iface ens20 inet manual
  
auto eth3
+
auto ens21
iface eth3 inet static
+
iface ens21 inet static
 
         address  10.14.14.52
 
         address  10.14.14.52
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
  
# Connected to Node2 (.51)
+
# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto eth0
+
auto ens18
iface eth0 inet static
+
iface ens18 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.52
 
         address  10.15.15.52
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.51 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens18
         down route del -net 10.15.15.51 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth0
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32
  
# Connected to Node1 (.50)
+
# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto eth1
+
auto ens19
iface eth1 inet static
+
iface ens19 inet static
 
         address  10.15.15.52
 
         address  10.15.15.52
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
 
         netmask  255.255.255.0
         up route add -net 10.15.15.50 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens19
         down route del -net 10.15.15.50 netmask 255.255.255.255 dev eth1
+
         down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32
  
 
auto vmbr0
 
auto vmbr0
Line 151: Line 262:
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         netmask  255.255.240.0
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
 
         gateway  192.168.2.1
         bridge_ports eth2
+
         bridge_ports ens20
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_stp off
 
         bridge_fd 0
 
         bridge_fd 0
Line 158: Line 269:
 
==== route ====
 
==== route ====
 
<pre>
 
<pre>
root@pve-2-52:~# route -n
+
root@pve-2-52:~# ip route
Kernel IP routing table
+
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink
Destination    Gateway        Genmask        Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
+
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.52
10.15.15.51    0.0.0.0         255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52
10.15.15.50    0.0.0.0        255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52
10.15.15.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth0
+
10.15.15.51 dev ens19 scope link
10.15.15.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth1
+
10.15.15.50 dev ens18 scope link
10.14.14.0      0.0.0.0        255.255.255.0  U    0      0        0 eth3
+
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.52
192.168.0.0     0.0.0.0        255.255.240.0  U    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
0.0.0.0        192.168.2.1    0.0.0.0        UG    0      0        0 vmbr0
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
  
[[Category: HOWTO]] [[Category: Cluster]] [[Category: Technology]]
+
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
== Broadcast setup ==
 +
Create a "broadcast" bond with the given interfaces on every node.
 +
This can be done over the GUI or on the command-line.
 +
 
 +
=== GUI ===
 +
On the GUI go to the node level -> System -> Network.
 +
Then click on "Create" and select "Linux Bond".
 +
In the Wizard make your configuration without a gateway and set mode to "broadcast".
 +
 
 +
Reboot the node to activate the new network settings.
 +
 
 +
=== Command-Line ===
 +
Add the following lines to '/etc/network/interfaces'.
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
auto bond<No>
 +
iface bond<No> inet static
 +
address  <IP>
 +
netmask  <Netmask>
 +
slaves <Nic1> <Nic2>
 +
bond_miimon 100
 +
bond_mode broadcast
 +
#Full Mesh
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
Then start the bond
 +
<pre>
 +
ifup bond<No>
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
In Node1 of the above described setup example /etc/network/interface will look like as follows:
 +
 
 +
<pre>
 +
iface lo inet loopback
 +
 
 +
iface ens20 inet manual
 +
 
 +
auto ens21
 +
iface ens21 inet static
 +
        address  10.14.14.50
 +
        netmask  255.255.255.0
 +
 
 +
 
 +
iface ens18 inet manual
 +
 
 +
iface ens19 inet manual
 +
 
 +
auto bond0
 +
iface bond0 inet static
 +
      address 10.15.15.50
 +
      netmask 255.255.255.0
 +
      slaves ens18 ens19
 +
      bond_miimon 100
 +
      bond_mode broadcast
 +
 
 +
 
 +
auto vmbr0
 +
iface vmbr0 inet static
 +
        address  192.168.2.50
 +
        netmask  255.255.240.0
 +
        gateway  192.168.2.1
 +
        bridge_ports ens20
 +
        bridge_stp off
 +
        bridge_fd 0
 +
</pre>
 +
 
 +
 
 +
[[Category: HOWTO]] [[Category: Cluster]]

Latest revision as of 10:54, 13 December 2021

Introduction

This wiki page describes how to configure a three node "Meshed Network" Proxmox VE (or any other Debian based Linux distribution), which can be, for example, used for connecting Ceph Servers or nodes in a Proxmox VE Cluster with the maximum possible bandwidth and without using a switch. We recommend to use switches for clusters larger than 3 nodes or if a 3 node cluster should be expanded in the future.

The big advantage of this setup is that you can achieve a fast network connection between the nodes (10, 25, 40 or 100Gbit/s) WITHOUT buying expensive switches which can handle these fast speeds.

You need at least two available NICs in each server which each connect to one of the other servers.

            ┌───────┐
       ┌────┤ Node1 ├────┐
       │    └───────┘    │
   ┌───┴───┐         ┌───┴───┐
   │ Node2 ├─────────┤ Node3 │
   └───────┘         └───────┘

There are three possible ways to set up such a network:

  1. RSTP: A loop with the rapid spanning tree protocol enabled
  2. Routed: Each packet is sent to the addressed node only
  3. Broadcast: Each packet is sent to both other nodes

Each setup has benefits and caveats. The RSTP setup is the most fault-tolerant. If the loop is complete, RSTP will create an artificial cut-off between two nodes, e.g. between Node 1 and Node 3. This means, Node 2 is in between Node 1 and 3 and the traffic between Node 1 and Node 3 is going via Node 2. Should a cable or NIC fail somewhere else, for example between Node 1 and Node 2, RSTP will remove the cut-off within a few seconds. Node 3 is now in between Node 1 and 2 and has to handle that traffic as well. Once the broken part has been replaced and the loop if complete again, RSTP will introduce another artificial cut-off.

The routed setup is the most performant. It uses less bandwidth by routing the traffic only to the destination node. The advantage of the broadcast method is an easier setup process, but it will send all data to both other nodes, using up more bandwidth.

The routed and broadcast method do not have any fault tolerance themselves, but of course you could combine them with a bond to increase fault tolerance at the cost of more NICs and cables.

Example

3 servers:

  • Node1 with IP addresses x.x.x.50
  • Node2 with IP addresses x.x.x.51
  • Node3 with IP addresses x.x.x.52

3 to 4 Network ports in each server:

  • ens18, ens19 will be used for the actual full mesh. Physical direct connections to the other two servers, 10.15.15.y/24
  • ens20 connection to WAN (internet/router), using at vmbr0 192.168.2.y
  • ens21 (optional) LAN (for cluster traffic, etc.) 10.14.14.y

Direct connections between servers:

  • Node1/ens18 - Node2/ens19
  • Node2/ens18 - Node3/ens19
  • Node3/ens18 - Node1/ens19

Please adapt the NIC names and IP addresses according to your situation.

                    ┌───────────┐
                    │   Node1   │
                    ├─────┬─────┤
                    │ens18│ens19│
                    └──┬──┴──┬──┘
                       │     │
┌───────┬─────┐        │     │        ┌─────┬───────┐
│       │ens19├────────┘     └────────┤ens18│       │
│ Node2 ├─────┤                       ├─────┤ Node3 │
│       │ens18├───────────────────────┤ens19│       │
└───────┴─────┘                       └─────┴───────┘

RSTP Loop Setup

This setup requires the use of Open vSwitch (OVS) as it supports RSTP (Rapid spanning tree protocol). The Linux bridge itself only supports STP (without the rapid) which usually needs too long to react to a changed topology. In our tests we saw the RSTP setup to recover from one network connection going down within a few seconds while STP took about 30 seconds. This is long enough for Ceph to start to complain and throw some warnings.

First the package `openvswitch-switch` needs to be installed on all nodes:

apt install openvswitch-switch

The network configuration will look the same for each node, except for the IP addresses.

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.51
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

auto ens18
iface ens18 inet manual
    ovs_type OVSPort
    ovs_bridge vmbr1
    ovs_options other_config:rstp-enable=true other_config:rstp-path-cost=150 other_config:rstp-port-admin-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-auto-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-mcheck=true vlan_mode=native-untagged

auto ens19
iface ens19 inet manual
    ovs_type OVSPort
    ovs_bridge vmbr1
    ovs_options other_config:rstp-enable=true other_config:rstp-path-cost=150 other_config:rstp-port-admin-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-auto-edge=false other_config:rstp-port-mcheck=true vlan_mode=native-untagged

auto vmbr1
iface vmbr1 inet static
    address 10.15.15.50/24
    ovs_type OVSBridge
    ovs_ports ens18 ens19
    up ovs-vsctl set Bridge ${IFACE} rstp_enable=true other_config:rstp-priority=32768 other_config:rstp-forward-delay=4 other_config:rstp-max-age=6
    post-up sleep 10

If needed, you can set the MTU with `ovs_mtu 9000` in the `vmbr1`, `eno18` and `eno19` configs. You can check the RSTP status with

ovs-appctl rstp/show

Routed Setup

Corresponding to the above described setup example, the 3 nodes have to be configured as described in the following sections. Note that multicast is not possible with this method.

Node1

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32

# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.50
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-50:~# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.50 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50 
10.15.15.52 dev ens19 scope link 
10.15.15.51 dev ens18 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.50 

Node2

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32

# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.51
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-51:/# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.51 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51 
10.15.15.52 dev ens18 scope link 
10.15.15.50 dev ens19 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.51 

Node3

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32

# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.52
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-52:~# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.52 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52 
10.15.15.51 dev ens19 scope link 
10.15.15.50 dev ens18 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.52 



Broadcast setup

Create a "broadcast" bond with the given interfaces on every node. This can be done over the GUI or on the command-line.

GUI

On the GUI go to the node level -> System -> Network. Then click on "Create" and select "Linux Bond". In the Wizard make your configuration without a gateway and set mode to "broadcast".

Reboot the node to activate the new network settings.

Command-Line

Add the following lines to '/etc/network/interfaces'.

auto bond<No>
iface bond<No> inet static
	address  <IP>
	netmask  <Netmask>
	slaves <Nic1> <Nic2>
	bond_miimon 100
	bond_mode broadcast
#Full Mesh

Then start the bond

ifup bond<No>

In Node1 of the above described setup example /etc/network/interface will look like as follows:

iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0


iface ens18 inet manual

iface ens19 inet manual

auto bond0
iface bond0 inet static
       address 10.15.15.50
       netmask 255.255.255.0
       slaves ens18 ens19
       bond_miimon 100
       bond_mode broadcast


auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.50
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0