Full Mesh Network for Ceph Server

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Revision as of 10:15, 20 June 2017 by Fritz (talk | contribs) (added example explanation to "Method 2" and adapted to "debian stretch style", i.e. "ip route" instead of "route" and "ens..." instead of "eth...")
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Introduction

This wiki page describes how to configure in Proxmox VE (or any other Debian based LINUX distribution) a three node "Meshed Network" (instead of a network switch) as it can be used e.g. for connecting Ceph Servers or nodes in a Proxmox VE Cluster. This should also work with a 5-node cluster, general you need nodes_total - 1 = nic ports. The basic idea is running a small 3 node cluster with 10 Gbit network WITHOUT buying an expensive 10 Gbit network switch.

This should work with any kind of ethernet NICs, i.e. also 40 Gbit or even 100 Gbit ones. But for verifying this article, 10 Gbit Intel NICs were used.

There a two possible method to achieve a full mesh. General the fist one is the recommended one, because it is easier to set up and supports multicast.

Method 1

Create a "broadcast" bond with the given interfaces on every node. This can be done over the GUI or on the command-line.

GUI

On the GUI go to the node level -> System -> Network. Then click on "Create" and select "Linux Bond". In the Wizard make your configuration without a gateway and set mode to "broadcast".

Reboot the node to activate the new network settings.

Command-Line

Add the following lines to '/etc/network/interfaces'.

auto bond<No>
iface bond<No> inet static
	address  <IP>
	netmask  <Netmask>
	slaves <Nic1> <Nic2>
	bond_miimon 100
	bond_mode broadcast
#Full Mesh

Then start the bond

ifup bond<No>

Method 2

Assumptions in the Following Example

3 servers:

  • Node1 with IP addresses x.x.x.50
  • Node2 with IP addresses x.x.x.51
  • Node3 with IP addresses x.x.x.52

4 Network cards in each server:

  • ens18, ens19 direct conections to the 2 other servers 10.15.15.y
  • ens20 connection to internet (router), port at vmbr0 192.168.2.y
  • ens21 LAN (for fileserver etc.) 10.14.14.y

Direct connections between servers:

  • Node1/ens18 - Node3/ens19
  • Node2/ens18 - Node1/ens19
  • Node3/ens18 - Node2/ens19


Node1

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32

# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.50
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.50
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-50:~# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.50 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.50 
10.15.15.51 dev ens19 scope link 
10.15.15.52 dev ens18 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.50 

Node2

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32

# Connected to Node3 (.52)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.51
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.52/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.52/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.51
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-51:/# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.51 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.51 
10.15.15.50 dev ens18 scope link 
10.15.15.52 dev ens19 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.51 

Node3

/etc/network/interface

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback

iface ens20 inet manual

auto ens21
iface ens21 inet static
        address  10.14.14.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0

# Connected to Node2 (.51)
auto ens18
iface ens18 inet static
        address  10.15.15.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.51/32 dev ens18
        down ip route del 10.15.15.51/32

# Connected to Node1 (.50)
auto ens19
iface ens19 inet static
        address  10.15.15.52
        netmask  255.255.255.0
        up ip route add 10.15.15.50/32 dev ens19
        down ip route del 10.15.15.50/32

auto vmbr0
iface vmbr0 inet static
        address  192.168.2.52
        netmask  255.255.240.0
        gateway  192.168.2.1
        bridge_ports ens20
        bridge_stp off
        bridge_fd 0

route

root@pve-2-52:~# ip route
default via 192.168.2.1 dev vmbr0 onlink 
10.14.14.0/24 dev ens21 proto kernel scope link src 10.14.14.52 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens18 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52 
10.15.15.0/24 dev ens19 proto kernel scope link src 10.15.15.52 
10.15.15.50 dev ens19 scope link 
10.15.15.51 dev ens18 scope link 
192.168.0.0/20 dev vmbr0 proto kernel scope link src 192.168.2.52