Difference between revisions of "Install Proxmox VE on Debian Jessie"

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(Add commands to test if /etc/hosts if properly set up, give hints on how to configure postfix, suggest adding proxmox repository in /etc/apt/sources.list.d so it is separated from debian sources.list)
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=Install a standard Debian Jessie (amd64)=
 
=Install a standard Debian Jessie (amd64)=
Install a standard Debian Jessie (amd64), for details see [http://www.debian.org Debian], go for a fixed IP.
+
Install a standard Debian Jessie, for details see [http://www.debian.org Debian], and select a fixed IP.
 +
It is recommended to only install the "standard"  package selection and nothing else, as Proxmox VE brings its own packages for qemu, lxc ...
  
==Check /etc/hosts==
+
== Add an /etc/hosts entry for your IP address==
  
 
Please make sure that your hostname is resolvable via /etc/hosts, i.e you need an entry in /etc/hosts which assigns an IPv4 address to that hostname.
 
Please make sure that your hostname is resolvable via /etc/hosts, i.e you need an entry in /etc/hosts which assigns an IPv4 address to that hostname.
  
'''Note''': Make sure that no IPv6 address for your hostname is specified in /etc/hosts
+
'''Note''': Make sure that no IPv6 address for your hostname is specified in `/etc/hosts`
  
Example /etc/hosts file:
+
For instance if your IP adress is 192.168.15.77, and your hostname prox4m1, then your /etc/hosts file shoud look like:
  
<pre>root@proxmox-6-177:~# cat /etc/hosts
+
<pre>
 
+
127.0.0.1       localhost
127.0.0.1 localhost.localdomain localhost
+
192.168.15.77  prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1
192.168.6.177 proxmox-6-177.proxmox.com proxmox-6-177 pvelocalhost
 
  
 
# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
 
# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
 
+
::1    localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
::1    ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
 
fe00::0 ip6-localnet
 
ff00::0 ip6-mcastprefix
 
 
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
 
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
 
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
 
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters
ff02::3 ip6-allhosts
 
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 +
You can test if you setup is ok using the '''getent''' command:
 +
<pre>
 +
#verify that your hostname is resolved
 +
getent hosts $(hostname)
 +
192.168.15.77  prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1
 +
</pre>
 +
<pre>
 +
# verify that your IP address is resolved
 +
getent hosts 192.168.15.77
 +
192.168.15.77  prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1
 +
</pre>
 +
  
 
=Install Proxmox VE=
 
=Install Proxmox VE=
 
==Adapt your sources.list==
 
==Adapt your sources.list==
  
Adapt your sources.list and add the Proxmox VE repository:
+
Add the Proxmox VE repository:
 
+
echo "deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian jessie pvetest" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-install-repo.list
<pre>nano /etc/apt/sources.list</pre>
 
 
 
<pre>deb http://ftp.at.debian.org/debian jessie main contrib
 
 
 
# PVE test repository provided by proxmox.com
 
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian jessie pvetest
 
 
 
# security updates
 
deb http://security.debian.org jessie/updates main contrib
 
</pre>
 
  
 
Add the Proxmox VE repository key:
 
Add the Proxmox VE repository key:
<pre>wget -O- "http://download.proxmox.com/debian/key.asc" | apt-key add -</pre>
+
wget -O- "http://download.proxmox.com/debian/key.asc" | apt-key add -
  
 
Update your repository and system by running:
 
Update your repository and system by running:
<pre>apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade</pre>
+
apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade
  
 
==Install Proxmox VE packages==
 
==Install Proxmox VE packages==
Line 59: Line 58:
  
 
Accept the suggestion to remove Exim and configure postfix according to your network.
 
Accept the suggestion to remove Exim and configure postfix according to your network.
 +
If you have a mail server in your network, you should configure postfix as a '''satellite system''',
 +
and your existing mail server will be the 'relay host' which will route the emails send by the
 +
proxmox server to the end recipient.
 +
If you don't know what to enter here, choose '''local only'''.
  
Finally, reboot into your new Proxmox VE kernel.
+
Finally, reboot your system, the new Proxmox VE kernel should be automatically selected in the GRUB menu.
  
Optional: Remove the Debian kernel:
 
apt-get remove linux-image-amd64 linux-image-3.16.0-4-amd64 linux-base
 
 
Check grub2 config by running:
 
update-grub
 
  
 
=Connect to the Proxmox VE web interface=
 
=Connect to the Proxmox VE web interface=
Line 76: Line 74:
 
In order to get latest updates, you need to add one of the new package repositories, see [[Package repositories]]
 
In order to get latest updates, you need to add one of the new package repositories, see [[Package repositories]]
  
=Optional: Developer Workstations with Proxmox VE and X11=
+
 
 +
= Optional Steps =
 +
== Optional: Remove the Debian kernel ==
 +
apt-get remove linux-image-amd64 linux-image-3.16.0-4-amd64 linux-base
 +
 
 +
Check grub2 config by running:
 +
update-grub
 +
 
 +
== Optional: Developer Workstations with Proxmox VE and X11 ==
 
Proxmox VE is primarily used as virtualization platform with NO additional software installed. In some case it makes sense to have a full desktop running on Proxmox VE, for example for developers using Proxmox VE as their primary workstation/desktop.
 
Proxmox VE is primarily used as virtualization platform with NO additional software installed. In some case it makes sense to have a full desktop running on Proxmox VE, for example for developers using Proxmox VE as their primary workstation/desktop.
  

Revision as of 12:35, 7 July 2015

Introduction

BETA NOT FOR PRODUCTION

The installation of a supported Proxmox VE server should be done via Bare-metal_ISO_Installer. In some case it makes sense to install Proxmox VE on top of a running Debian Jessie 64-bit, especially if you want a custom partition layout. For this HowTO the following Debian Wheezy ISO was used: debian-8.1.0-amd64-netinst.iso.

Install a standard Debian Jessie (amd64)

Install a standard Debian Jessie, for details see Debian, and select a fixed IP. It is recommended to only install the "standard" package selection and nothing else, as Proxmox VE brings its own packages for qemu, lxc ...

Add an /etc/hosts entry for your IP address

Please make sure that your hostname is resolvable via /etc/hosts, i.e you need an entry in /etc/hosts which assigns an IPv4 address to that hostname.

Note: Make sure that no IPv6 address for your hostname is specified in `/etc/hosts`

For instance if your IP adress is 192.168.15.77, and your hostname prox4m1, then your /etc/hosts file shoud look like:

127.0.0.1       localhost
192.168.15.77   prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1

# The following lines are desirable for IPv6 capable hosts
::1     localhost ip6-localhost ip6-loopback
ff02::1 ip6-allnodes
ff02::2 ip6-allrouters

You can test if you setup is ok using the getent command:

#verify that your hostname is resolved
getent hosts $(hostname)
192.168.15.77   prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1
# verify that your IP address is resolved 
getent hosts 192.168.15.77
192.168.15.77   prox4m1.proxmox.com prox4m1


Install Proxmox VE

Adapt your sources.list

Add the Proxmox VE repository:

echo "deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian jessie pvetest" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-install-repo.list

Add the Proxmox VE repository key:

wget -O- "http://download.proxmox.com/debian/key.asc" | apt-key add -

Update your repository and system by running:

apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade

Install Proxmox VE packages

Install the Proxmox VE packages:

apt-get install proxmox-ve ntp ssh postfix ksm-control-daemon open-iscsi

Accept the suggestion to remove Exim and configure postfix according to your network. If you have a mail server in your network, you should configure postfix as a satellite system, and your existing mail server will be the 'relay host' which will route the emails send by the proxmox server to the end recipient. If you don't know what to enter here, choose local only.

Finally, reboot your system, the new Proxmox VE kernel should be automatically selected in the GRUB menu.


Connect to the Proxmox VE web interface

Connect to the admin web interface (https://youripaddress:8006) and configure your network according to your needs, finally reboot to check if everything is running as expected.

Adapt vmbr0 settings

Configure apt to use the new packages repositories

In order to get latest updates, you need to add one of the new package repositories, see Package repositories


Optional Steps

Optional: Remove the Debian kernel

apt-get remove linux-image-amd64 linux-image-3.16.0-4-amd64 linux-base

Check grub2 config by running:

update-grub

Optional: Developer Workstations with Proxmox VE and X11

Proxmox VE is primarily used as virtualization platform with NO additional software installed. In some case it makes sense to have a full desktop running on Proxmox VE, for example for developers using Proxmox VE as their primary workstation/desktop.

For example, just install XFCE4 desktop and Firefox/Iceweasel browser:

apt-get install xfce4 iceweasel lightdm

If you prefer LXDE desktop instead just do:

apt-get install lxde iceweasel

Make sure network-manager is not used, else pve-cluster will not start in some cases

apt-get purge network-manager