Install from USB Stick
The Proxmox VE installation media is a hybrid ISO image, working in two ways:
An ISO image file ready to burn on CD
A raw sector (IMG) image file ready to directly copy to flash media (USB Stick)
Using USB sticks is faster and more environmental friendly and therefore the recommended way to install Proxmox VE.
Prepare a USB flash drive as install medium
In order to boot the installation media, copy the ISO image to a USB media.
First download the ISO image from https://www.proxmox.com/en/downloads/category/iso-images-pve
You need at least a 1 GB USB media.
|Using UNetbootin or Rufus does not work.|
|Make sure that the USB media is not mounted and does not contain any important data.|
Instructions for GNU/Linux
You can simply use dd on UNIX like systems. First download the ISO image, then plug in the USB stick. You need to find out what device name gets assigned to the USB stick (see below). Then run:
dd if=proxmox-ve_*.iso of=/dev/XYZ bs=1M
|Be sure to replace /dev/XYZ with the correct device name.|
|Be very careful, and do not overwrite the hard disk!|
Find Correct USB Device Name
You can compare the last lines of dmesg command before and after the insertion, or use the lsblk command. Open a terminal and run:
Then plug in your USB media and run the command again:
A new device will appear, and this is the USB device you want to use.
Instructions for OSX
Open the terminal (query Terminal in Spotlight).
Convert the .iso file to .img using the convert option of hdiutil for example.
hdiutil convert -format UDRW -o proxmox-ve_*.dmg proxmox-ve_*.iso
|OS X tends to put the .dmg ending on the output file automatically.|
To get the current list of devices run the command again:
Now insert your USB flash media and run this command again to determine the device node assigned to your flash media (e.g. /dev/diskX).
diskutil list diskutil unmountDisk /dev/diskX
|replace X with the disk number from the last command.|
sudo dd if=proxmox-ve_*.dmg of=/dev/rdiskX bs=1m
|rdiskX, instead of diskX, in the last command is intended, this will increase write speed|
Instructions for Windows
Boot your server from USB media
Connect your USB media to your server and make sure that the server boots from USB (see server BIOS). Then follow the installation wizard.