From Proxmox VE
Revision as of 17:48, 13 February 2010 by Martin (talk | contribs) (→‎Introduction)
Jump to navigation Jump to search


Beginning with Proxmox VE 1.5 (only with Kernel 2.6.32 and higher), Proxmox VE uses KSM (Kernel Samepage Merging).

KSM is running in the Linux kernel scanning the memory of all the virtual machines running on a single host, looking for duplication and consolidating. With KSM we're able to improve virtual machine density by as much as 300% without impacting performance. One of the great benefits of using Linux as the hypervisor means KSM is not limited to KVM and virtual machines, but can also reduce memory pressure with normal Linux applications.

Howto enable KSM

Just run the 2.6.32 kernel branch, see Proxmox_VE_Kernel

Check packages version with pveversion - (all versions should be equal or higher):

pveversion -v

pve-manager: 1.5-7 (pve-manager/1.5/4660)
running kernel: 2.6.32-1-pve
proxmox-ve-2.6.32: 1.5-4
pve-kernel-2.6.32-1-pve: 2.6.32-6
qemu-server: 1.1-11
pve-firmware: 1.0-3
libpve-storage-perl: 1.0-10
vncterm: 0.9-2
vzctl: 3.0.23-1pve8
vzdump: 1.2-5
vzprocps: 2.0.11-1dso2
vzquota: 3.0.11-1
pve-qemu-kvm: 0.11.1-2
ksm-control-daemon: 1.0-3

KSM in action

Just install several KVM virtual machines with the same OS (using at least 50 % of your physical memory on the host) and wait a few minutes. you will notice higher CPU activities on the host (ksm daemon) and the used memory on the host will be lowered significantly.


Memory Ballooning