Package Repositories

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Proxmox VE uses APT as its package management tool like any other Debian-based system.

Repositories in Proxmox VE

Repositories are a collection of software packages, they can be used to install new software, but are also important to get new updates.

Note You need valid Debian and Proxmox repositories to get the latest security updates, bug fixes and new features.

APT Repositories are defined in the file /etc/apt/sources.list and in .list files placed in /etc/apt/sources.list.d/.

Repository Management

screenshot/gui-node-repositories.png

Since Proxmox VE 7.0 you can check the repository state in the web interface. The node summary panel shows a high level status overview, while the separate Repository panel shows in-depth status and list of all configured repositories.

Basic repository management, for example, activating or deactivating a repository, is also supported.

Sources.list

In a sources.list file, each line defines a package repository. The preferred source must come first. Empty lines are ignored. A # character anywhere on a line marks the remainder of that line as a comment. The available packages from a repository are acquired by running apt-get update. Updates can be installed directly using apt-get, or via the GUI (Node → Updates).

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bullseye main contrib
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates main contrib

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib

Proxmox VE provides three different package repositories.

Proxmox VE Enterprise Repository

This is the default, stable, and recommended repository, available for all Proxmox VE subscription users. It contains the most stable packages and is suitable for production use. The pve-enterprise repository is enabled by default:

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list
deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-enterprise

The root@pam user is notified via email about available updates. Click the Changelog button in the GUI to see more details about the selected update.

You need a valid subscription key to access the pve-enterprise repository. Different support levels are available. Further details can be found at https://www.proxmox.com/en/proxmox-ve/pricing.

Note You can disable this repository by commenting out the above line using a # (at the start of the line). This prevents error messages if you do not have a subscription key. Please configure the pve-no-subscription repository in that case.

Proxmox VE No-Subscription Repository

This is the recommended repository for testing and non-production use. Its packages are not as heavily tested and validated. You don’t need a subscription key to access the pve-no-subscription repository.

We recommend to configure this repository in /etc/apt/sources.list.

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bullseye main contrib
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bullseye-updates main contrib

# PVE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-no-subscription

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bullseye-security main contrib

Proxmox VE Test Repository

This repository contains the latest packages and is primarily used by developers to test new features. To configure it, add the following line to etc/apt/sources.list:

sources.list entry for pvetest
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pvetest
Warning The pvetest repository should (as the name implies) only be used for testing new features or bug fixes.

Ceph Pacific Repository

Note Ceph Pacific (16.2) was declared stable with Proxmox VE 7.0.

This repository holds the main Proxmox VE Ceph Pacific packages. They are suitable for production. Use this repository if you run the Ceph client or a full Ceph cluster on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-pacific bullseye main

Ceph Pacific Test Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph Pacific packages before they are moved to the main repository. It is used to test new Ceph releases on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-pacific bullseye test

Ceph Octopus Repository

Note Ceph Octopus (15.2) was declared stable with Proxmox VE 6.3 it will continue to get updates for the remaining life time of the 6.x release and also for Proxmox VE 7.x until Ceph Octopus upstream EOL (~ 2022-07).

This repository holds the main Proxmox VE Ceph Octopus packages. They are suitable for production. Use this repository if you run the Ceph client or a full Ceph cluster on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-octopus bullseye main

Note that on an older Proxmox VE 6.x you need to change bullseye to buster in the repository specification above.

Ceph Octopus Test Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph packages before they are moved to the main repository. It is used to test new Ceph releases on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-octopus bullseye test

SecureApt

The Release files in the repositories are signed with GnuPG. APT is using these signatures to verify that all packages are from a trusted source.

If you install Proxmox VE from an official ISO image, the key for verification is already installed.

If you install Proxmox VE on top of Debian, download and install the key with the following commands:

 # wget https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg -O /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg

Verify the checksum afterwards with the sha512sum CLI tool:

# sha512sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
7fb03ec8a1675723d2853b84aa4fdb49a46a3bb72b9951361488bfd19b29aab0a789a4f8c7406e71a69aabbc727c936d3549731c4659ffa1a08f44db8fdcebfa /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg

or the md5sum CLI tool:

# md5sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
bcc35c7173e0845c0d6ad6470b70f50e /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg

Proxmox VE 6.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 6.x is based on Debian 10.x (“buster”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 6.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 6.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 6.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pvetest

Proxmox VE 5.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 5.x is based on Debian 9.x (“stretch”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 5.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 5.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 5.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pvetest

Proxmox VE 4.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 4.x is based on Debian 8.x (“jessie”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 4.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 4.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 4.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pvetest

Proxmox VE 3.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 3.x is based on Debian 7.x (“wheezy”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 3.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 3.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 3.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pvetest

Outdated: stable Repository pve

This repository is a leftover to ease the update to 3.1. It will not get any updates after the release of 3.1. Therefore the repository needs to be removed after the upgrade to 3.1.

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian wheezy main contrib

# PVE packages provided by proxmox.com - NO UPDATES after the initial release of 3.1
# deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian wheezy pve

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib

Outdated: Proxmox VE 2.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 2.x is based on Debian 6.0 (“squeeze”) and outdated. Please upgrade to the latest version as soon as possible. In order to use the stable pve 2.x repository, check your sources.list:

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib

# PVE packages provided by proxmox.com
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian squeeze pve

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib

Outdated: Proxmox VE VE 1.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 1.x is based on Debian 5.0 (“lenny”) and very outdated. Please upgrade to latest version as soon as possible.