Package Repositories

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Proxmox VE uses APT as its package management tool like any other Debian-based system.

Repositories in Proxmox VE

Repositories are a collection of software packages, they can be used to install new software, but are also important to get new updates.

Note You need valid Debian and Proxmox repositories to get the latest security updates, bug fixes and new features.

APT Repositories are defined in the file /etc/apt/sources.list and in .list files placed in /etc/apt/sources.list.d/.

Repository Management

screenshot/gui-node-repositories.png

Since Proxmox VE 7, you can check the repository state in the web interface. The node summary panel shows a high level status overview, while the separate Repository panel shows in-depth status and list of all configured repositories.

Basic repository management, for example, activating or deactivating a repository, is also supported.

Sources.list

In a sources.list file, each line defines a package repository. The preferred source must come first. Empty lines are ignored. A # character anywhere on a line marks the remainder of that line as a comment. The available packages from a repository are acquired by running apt-get update. Updates can be installed directly using apt-get, or via the GUI (Node → Updates).

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bookworm main contrib
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian bookworm-updates main contrib

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bookworm-security main contrib

Proxmox VE provides three different package repositories.

Proxmox VE Enterprise Repository

This is the default, stable, and recommended repository, available for all Proxmox VE subscription users. It contains the most stable packages and is suitable for production use. The pve-enterprise repository is enabled by default:

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/pve-enterprise.list
deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pve-enterprise

The root@pam user is notified via email about available updates. Click the Changelog button in the GUI to see more details about the selected update.

You need a valid subscription key to access the pve-enterprise repository. Different support levels are available. Further details can be found at https://www.proxmox.com/en/proxmox-virtual-environment/pricing.

Note You can disable this repository by commenting out the above line using a # (at the start of the line). This prevents error messages if your host does not have a subscription key. Please configure the pve-no-subscription repository in that case.

Proxmox VE No-Subscription Repository

This is the recommended repository for testing and non-production use. Its packages are not as heavily tested and validated. You don’t need a subscription key to access the pve-no-subscription repository.

We recommend to configure this repository in /etc/apt/sources.list.

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bookworm main contrib
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian bookworm-updates main contrib

# Proxmox VE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pve-no-subscription

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/debian-security bookworm-security main contrib

Proxmox VE Test Repository

This repository contains the latest packages and is primarily used by developers to test new features. To configure it, add the following line to /etc/apt/sources.list:

sources.list entry for pvetest
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bookworm pvetest
Warning The pvetest repository should (as the name implies) only be used for testing new features or bug fixes.

Ceph Reef Enterprise Repository

This repository holds the enterprise Proxmox VE Ceph 18.2 Reef packages. They are suitable for production. Use this repository if you run the Ceph client or a full Ceph cluster on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-reef bookworm enterprise

Ceph Reef No-Subscription Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph 18.2 Reef packages before they are moved to the enterprise repository and after they where on the test repository.

Note It’s recommended to use the enterprise repository for production machines.
File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-reef bookworm no-subscription

Ceph Reef Test Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph 18.2 Reef packages before they are moved to the main repository. It is used to test new Ceph releases on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-reef bookworm test

Ceph Quincy Enterprise Repository

This repository holds the enterprise Proxmox VE Ceph Quincy packages. They are suitable for production. Use this repository if you run the Ceph client or a full Ceph cluster on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-quincy bookworm enterprise

Ceph Quincy No-Subscription Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph Quincy packages before they are moved to the enterprise repository and after they where on the test repository.

Note It’s recommended to use the enterprise repository for production machines.
File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-quincy bookworm no-subscription

Ceph Quincy Test Repository

This Ceph repository contains the Ceph Quincy packages before they are moved to the main repository. It is used to test new Ceph releases on Proxmox VE.

File /etc/apt/sources.list.d/ceph.list
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/ceph-quincy bookworm test

Older Ceph Repositories

Proxmox VE 8 doesn’t support Ceph Pacific, Ceph Octopus, or even older releases for hyper-converged setups. For those releases, you need to first upgrade Ceph to a newer release before upgrading to Proxmox VE 8.

See the respective upgrade guide for details.

Debian Firmware Repository

Starting with Debian Bookworm (Proxmox VE 8) non-free firmware (as defined by DFSG) has been moved to the newly created Debian repository component non-free-firmware.

Enable this repository if you want to set up Early OS Microcode Updates or need additional Runtime Firmware Files not already included in the pre-installed package pve-firmware.

To be able to install packages from this component, run editor /etc/apt/sources.list, append non-free-firmware to the end of each .debian.org repository line and run apt update.

SecureApt

The Release files in the repositories are signed with GnuPG. APT is using these signatures to verify that all packages are from a trusted source.

If you install Proxmox VE from an official ISO image, the key for verification is already installed.

If you install Proxmox VE on top of Debian, download and install the key with the following commands:

 # wget https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg -O /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg

Verify the checksum afterwards with the sha512sum CLI tool:

# sha512sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg
7da6fe34168adc6e479327ba517796d4702fa2f8b4f0a9833f5ea6e6b48f6507a6da403a274fe201595edc86a84463d50383d07f64bdde2e3658108db7d6dc87 /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg

or the md5sum CLI tool:

# md5sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg
41558dc019ef90bd0f6067644a51cf5b /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bookworm.gpg

Proxmox VE 7.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 7.x is based on Debian 11.x (“bullseye”). Please note that this release is out of date (see the FAQ support table). Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 7.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 7.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 7.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve bullseye pvetest

Release key hash sums:

sha512sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
7fb03ec8a1675723d2853b84aa4fdb49a46a3bb72b9951361488bfd19b29aab0a789a4f8c7406e71a69aabbc727c936d3549731c4659ffa1a08f44db8fdcebfa

md5sum /etc/apt/trusted.gpg.d/proxmox-release-bullseye.gpg
bcc35c7173e0845c0d6ad6470b70f50e

Proxmox VE 6.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 6.x is based on Debian 10.x (“buster”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 6.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 6.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 6.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve buster pvetest

Proxmox VE 5.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 5.x is based on Debian 9.x (“stretch”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 5.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 5.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 5.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pvetest

Proxmox VE 4.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 4.x is based on Debian 8.x (“jessie”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 4.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 4.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 4.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve jessie pvetest

Proxmox VE 3.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 3.x is based on Debian 7.x (“wheezy”). Please note that this release is out of date. Existing installations should be updated. Nevertheless access to these repositories is still provided.

Repository sources.list entry

Proxmox VE 3.x Enterprise

deb https://enterprise.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pve-enterprise

Proxmox VE 3.x No-Subscription

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pve-no-subscription

Proxmox VE 3.x Test

deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve wheezy pvetest

Outdated: stable Repository pve

This repository is a leftover to ease the update to 3.1. It will not get any updates after the release of 3.1. Therefore the repository needs to be removed after the upgrade to 3.1.

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian wheezy main contrib

# PVE packages provided by proxmox.com - NO UPDATES after the initial release of 3.1
# deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian wheezy pve

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy/updates main contrib

Outdated: Proxmox VE 2.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 2.x is based on Debian 6.0 (“squeeze”) and outdated. Please upgrade to the latest version as soon as possible. In order to use the stable pve 2.x repository, check your sources.list:

File /etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian squeeze main contrib

# PVE packages provided by proxmox.com
deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian squeeze pve

# security updates
deb http://security.debian.org/ squeeze/updates main contrib

Outdated: Proxmox VE VE 1.x Repositories

Proxmox VE 1.x is based on Debian 5.0 (“lenny”) and very outdated. Please upgrade to latest version as soon as possible.