Difference between revisions of "Proxmox VE API"

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(Introduction)
(API URL)
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  https://your.server:8006/api2/json/
 
  https://your.server:8006/api2/json/
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It is possible specify the return format in that URL. Above example uses 'json', but you can use any of the following values:
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* json: JSON
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* extjs: JSON variant compatible with ExtJS forms
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* html: html formated text - sometimes useful for degugging
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* text: plain text - sometimes useful for degugging
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Please contact use on the development mailing list if you need other return formats.
  
 
==Authentification==
 
==Authentification==

Revision as of 09:33, 24 February 2012

Yellowpin.svg Note: Article about Proxmox VE 2.0 beta

Introduction

Proxmox VE uses a REST like API. The concept is described in [1] (Resource Oriented Architectur - ROA).

We choose JSON as primary data format, and the whole API is formally defined using JSON Schema [2].

You can explore the API documentation at http://pve.proxmox.com/pve2-api-doc/

JSON and JSON Schema

The API use JSON as data format, because it is simple and parse-able by any web browser.

Additionally, we use JSON Schema [2] to formally describe our API. So we can automatically generate the whole API Documentation, and we can verify all parameters and return values.

An great side effect was that we are able to use JSON Schema to produce command line argument parsers automatically. In fact, the REST API and the command line tools use the same code. A small utility called 'pvesh' exposes the whole REST API on the command line.

So here is a summary of the advantage:

  • easy, human readable data format (native web browser format)
  • automatic parameter verification (we can also verify return values)
  • automatic generation of API documentation
  • easy way to create command line tools (use the same API)

API URL

The API uses the HTTPS protocol and the server listens to port 8006. So the base URL for that API is

https://your.server:8006/api2/json/

It is possible specify the return format in that URL. Above example uses 'json', but you can use any of the following values:

  • json: JSON
  • extjs: JSON variant compatible with ExtJS forms
  • html: html formated text - sometimes useful for degugging
  • text: plain text - sometimes useful for degugging

Please contact use on the development mailing list if you need other return formats.

Authentification

PVE uses a Token Based Authentication. All request to the API need to include that token inside a Cookie. We usually call that token a 'ticket'. Additionally, any write request must include a CSRF prevention token inside the HTTP header. The following examples use the 'curl' command line tool.

Example: get a new ticket and the CSRF prevention token

# curl -k -d "username=root@pam&password=yourpassword"  https://10.0.0.1:8006/api2/json/access/ticket 
{ "data": { 
  "CSRFPreventionToken":"4EEC61E2:lwk7od06fa1+DcPUwBTXCcndyAY",  
  "ticket":"PVE:root@pam:4EEC61E2::rsKoApxDTLYPn6H3NNT6iP2mv...", 
  "username":"root@pam"}
}


You need to pass the returned ticket with a cookie to any further request:

curl -k -b "PVEAuthCookie=PVE:root@pam:4EEC61E2::rsKoApxDTLYPn6H3NNT6iP2mv..." https://10.0.0.1:8006/api2/json/

Additionally, any write request (POST, PUT, DELETE) must include the CSRFPreventionToken header:

curl -XDELETE -H "CSRFPreventionToken: 4EEC61E2:lwk7od06fa1+DcPUwBTXCcndyAY" ...

NOTE: Tickets have a limited lifetime of 2 hours. But you can simple get a new ticket by passing the old ticket as password to the /access/ticket method.

References

[1] RESTful Web Services - Web services for the real world

By Leonard Richardson and Sam Ruby, Publisher: O'Reilly Media, Released: May 2007

[2] JSON Schema links: http://json-schema.org/