Storage pool type: rbd
Ceph is a distributed object store and file system designed to provide excellent performance, reliability and scalability. RADOS block devices implement a feature rich block level storage, and you get the following advantages:
distributed and redundant (striped over multiple OSDs)
full snapshot and clone capabilities
no single point of failure
scalable to the exabyte level
kernel and user space implementation available
|For smaller deployments, it is also possible to run Ceph services directly on your Proxmox VE nodes. Recent hardware has plenty of CPU power and RAM, so running storage services and VMs on same node is possible.|
This backend supports the common storage properties nodes, disable, content, and the following rbd specific properties:
List of monitor daemon IPs. Optional, only needed if Ceph is not running on the Proxmox VE cluster.
Ceph pool name.
RBD user ID. Optional, only needed if Ceph is not running on the Proxmox VE cluster. Note that only the user ID should be used. The "client." type prefix must be left out.
Enforce access to rados block devices through the krbd kernel module. Optional.
|Containers will use krbd independent of the option value.|
rbd: ceph-external monhost 10.1.1.20 10.1.1.21 10.1.1.22 pool ceph-external content images username admin
|You can use the rbd utility to do low-level management tasks.|
|If Ceph is installed locally on the Proxmox VE cluster, the following is done automatically when adding the storage.|
If you use cephx authentication, which is enabled by default, you need to provide the keyring from the external Ceph cluster.
To configure the storage via the CLI, you first need to make the file containing the keyring available. One way is to copy the file from the external Ceph cluster directly to one of the Proxmox VE nodes. The following example will copy it to the /root directory of the node on which we run it:
# scp <external cephserver>:/etc/ceph/ceph.client.admin.keyring /root/rbd.keyring
Then use the pvesm CLI tool to configure the external RBD storage, use the --keyring parameter, which needs to be a path to the keyring file that you copied. For example:
# pvesm add rbd <name> --monhost "10.1.1.20 10.1.1.21 10.1.1.22" --content images --keyring /root/rbd.keyring
When configuring an external RBD storage via the GUI, you can copy and paste the keyring into the appropriate field.
The keyring will be stored at
|Creating a keyring with only the needed capabilities is recommend when
connecting to an external cluster. For further information on Ceph user
management, see the Ceph docs.
[Ceph User Management]
Ceph client configuration (optional)
Connecting to an external Ceph storage doesn’t always allow setting client-specific options in the config DB on the external cluster. You can add a ceph.conf beside the Ceph keyring to change the Ceph client configuration for the storage.
The ceph.conf needs to have the same name as the storage.
See the RBD configuration reference
[RBD configuration reference https://docs.ceph.com/en/octopus/rbd/rbd-config-ref/]
for possible settings.
|Do not change these settings lightly. Proxmox VE is merging the <STORAGE_ID>.conf with the storage configuration.|
The rbd backend is a block level storage, and implements full snapshot and clone functionality.
|Content types||Image formats||Shared||Snapshots||Clones|