Proxmox VE is simple. There is no need to install a separate management tool, and everything can be done through your web browser (Latest Firefox or Google Chrome is preferred). A built-in HTML5 console is used to access the guest console. As an alternative, SPICE can be used.

Because we use the Proxmox cluster file system (pmxcfs), you can connect to any node to manage the entire cluster. Each node can manage the entire cluster. There is no need for a dedicated manager node.

You can use the web-based administration interface with any modern browser. When Proxmox VE detects that you are connecting from a mobile device, you are redirected to a simpler, touch-based user interface.

The web interface can be reached via https://youripaddress:8006 (default login is: root, and the password is specified during the installation process).

Features

  • Seamless integration and management of Proxmox VE clusters

  • AJAX technologies for dynamic updates of resources

  • Secure access to all Virtual Machines and Containers via SSL encryption (https)

  • Fast search-driven interface, capable of handling hundreds and probably thousands of VMs

  • Secure HTML5 console or SPICE

  • Role based permission management for all objects (VMs, storages, nodes, etc.)

  • Support for multiple authentication sources (e.g. local, MS ADS, LDAP, …)

  • Two-Factor Authentication (OATH, Yubikey)

  • Based on ExtJS 6.x JavaScript framework

Login

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When you connect to the server, you will first see the login window. Proxmox VE supports various authentication backends (Realm), and you can select the language here. The GUI is translated to more than 20 languages.

Note You can save the user name on the client side by selection the checkbox at the bottom. This saves some typing when you login next time.

GUI Overview

gui-datacenter-summary.png

The Proxmox VE user interface consists of four regions.

Header

On top. Shows status information and contains buttons for most important actions.

Resource Tree

At the left side. A navigation tree where you can select specific objects.

Content Panel

Center region. Selected objects displays configuration options and status here.

Log Panel

At the bottom. Displays log entries for recent tasks. You can double-click on those log entries to get more details, or to abort a running task.

Note You can shrink and expand the size of the resource tree and log panel, or completely hide the log panel. This can be helpful when you work on small displays and want more space to view other content.

Header

On the top left side, the first thing you see is the Proxmox logo. Next to it is the current running version of Proxmox VE. In the search bar nearside you can search for specific objects (VMs, containers, nodes, …). This is sometimes faster than selecting an object in the resource tree.

gui-my-settings.png

To the right of the search bar we see the identity (login name). The gear symbol is a button opening the My Settings dialog. There you can customize some client side user interface setting (reset the saved login name, reset saved layout).

The rightmost part of the header contains four buttons:

Help

Opens a new browser window showing the reference documentation.

Create VM

Opens the virtual machine creation wizard.

Create CT

Open the container creation wizard.

Logout

Logout, and show the login dialog again.

Resource Tree

This is the main navigation tree. On top of the tree you can select some predefined views, which changes the structure of the tree below. The default view is Server View, and it shows the following object types:

Datacenter

Contains cluster wide setting (relevant for all nodes).

Node

Represents the hosts inside a cluster, where the guests runs.

Guest

VMs, Containers and Templates.

Storage

Data Storage.

Pool

It is possible to group guests using a pool to simplify management.

The following view types are available:

Server View

Shows all kind of objects, grouped by nodes.

Folder View

Shows all kind of objects, grouped by object type.

Storage View

Only show storage objects, grouped by nodes.

Pool View

Show VMs and Containers, grouped by pool.

Log Panel

The main purpose of the log panel is to show you what is currently going on in your cluster. Actions like creating an new VM are executed in background, and we call such background job a task.

Any output from such task is saved into a separate log file. You can view that log by simply double-click a task log entry. It is also possible to abort a running task there.

Please note that we display most recent tasks from all cluster nodes here. So you can see when somebody else is working on another cluster node in real-time.

Note We remove older and finished task from the log panel to keep that list short. But you can still find those tasks in the Task History within the node panel.

Some short running actions simply sends logs to all cluster members. You can see those messages in the Cluster log panel.

Content Panels

When you select something in the resource tree, the corresponding object displays configuration and status information in the content panel. The following sections give a brief overview of the functionality. Please refer to the individual chapters inside the reference documentation to get more detailed information.

Datacenter

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On the datacenter level you can access cluster wide settings and information.

  • Search: it is possible to search anything in cluster ,this can be a node, VM, Container, Storage or a pool.

  • Summary: gives a brief overview over the cluster health.

  • Options: can show and set defaults, which apply cluster wide.

  • Storage: is the place where a storage will add/managed/removed.

  • Backup: has the capability to schedule Backups. This is cluster wide, so you do not care about where the VM/Container are on your cluster at schedule time.

  • Permissions: will manage user and group permission, LDAP, MS-AD and Two-Factor authentication can be setup here.

  • HA: will manage the Proxmox VE High-Availability

  • Firewall: on this level the Proxmox Firewall works cluster wide and makes templates which are cluster wide available.

  • Support: here you get all information about your support subscription.

If you like to have more information about this see the corresponding chapter.

Nodes

gui-node-summary.png

All belongs of a node can be managed at this level.

  • Search: it is possible to search anything on the node, this can be a VM, Container, Storage or a pool.

  • Summary: gives a brief overview over the resource usage.

  • Shell: log you in the shell of the node.

  • System: is for configuring the network, dns and time, and also shows your syslog.

  • Updates: will upgrade the system and informs you about new packets.

  • Firewall: on this level is only for this node.

  • Disk: gives you an brief overview about you physical hard drives and how they are used.

  • Ceph: is only used if you have installed a Ceph sever on you host. Then you can manage your Ceph cluster and see the status of it here.

  • Task History: here all past task are shown.

  • Subscription: here you can upload you subscription key and get a system overview in case of a support case.

Guests

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There are two differed kinds of VM types and both types can be converted to a template. One of them are Kernel-based Virtual Machine (KVM) and the other one are Linux Containers (LXC). General the navigation are the same only some option are different.

In the main management center the VM navigation begin if a VM is selected in the left tree.

The top header contains important VM operation commands like Start, Shutdown, Reset, Remove, Migrate, Console and Help. Some of them have hidden buttons like Shutdown has Stop and Console contains the different console types SPICE, noVNC and xterm.js.

On the right side the content switch white the focus of the option.

On the left side. All available options are listed one below the other.

  • Summary: gives a brief overview over the VM activity.

  • Console: an interactive console to your VM.

  • (KVM)Hardware: shows and set the Hardware of the KVM VM.

  • (LXC)Resources: defines the LXC Hardware opportunities.

  • (LXC)Network: the LXC Network settings.

  • (LXC)DNS: the LXC DNS settings.

  • Options: all VM options can be set here, this distinguishes between KVM and LXC.

  • Task History: here all previous task from this VM will be shown.

  • (KVM) Monitor: is the interactive communication interface to the KVM process.

  • Backup: shows the available backups from this VM and also create a backupset.

  • Replication: shows the replication jobs for this VM and allows to create new jobs.

  • Snapshots: manage VM snapshots.

  • Firewall: manage the firewall on VM level.

  • Permissions: manage the user permission for this VM.

Storage

gui-storage-summary-local.png

In this view we have a two partition split view. On the left side we have the storage options and on the right side the content of the selected option will shown.

  • Summary: show you important information about your storage like Usage, Type, Content, Active and Enabled.

  • Content: Here all contend will listed grouped by content.

  • Permissions: manage the user permission for this storage.

Pools

gui-pool-summary-development.png

In this view we have a two partition split view. On the left side we have the logical pool options and on the right side the content of the selected option will shown.

  • Summary: show the description of the pool.

  • Members: Here all members of this pool will listed and can be managed.

  • Permissions: manage the user permission for this pool.