Astaro Home Edition V8.2

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In this HowTo I will describe, how to use a "virtio"-HDD in an "Astaro Security Gateway - Home Edition V8.2"

Using an Astaro-Firewall with VirtIO-Drivers

As of now (27.07.2011), you first have to install the "Astaro Security Gateway - Home Edition V8.1" in the usual way onto a virtual "scsi"-HDD. An installation-iso-image can be found here:

You then need to download the "up2date"-Version_8.2 from here: and update your firewall via the "WebAdmin" to V8.2 (+ wait for the automatic reboot).

Configure your firewall to get ssh-access (for easy "copy-and-paste") and logon as the "loginuser". Then: "su -" to get root.

To be able to modify the grub-config and build a new initrd-file, you have to remount "/boot" (by default it is only mounted "ro" --> # cat /etc/fstab | grep LABEL=boot):

# "mount -o remount,rw /boot"

Now edit some files: - "/boot/grub/"

from: (hd0)   /dev/sda
to:   (hd0)   /dev/vda

- "/boot/grub/menu.lst" and "/boot/grub/menu.lst-default" that the default-entry in both files looks like this:

title  Astaro Security Gateway V8.2
root (hd0,0)
kernel /boot/vmlinuz root=/dev/disk/by-label/root vga=791 rootflags=data=ordered splash=silent
initrd /boot/initrd

- "/etc/sysconfig/kernel" (add the modules "virtio_pci" and "virtio_blk")

# written by Astaro Installer

INITRD_MODULES="edd ata_piix piix pata_acpi ata_generic ide_pci_generic sym53c8xx virtio_pci virtio_blk"


# CFQ low latency (on|off).  Default: off

Now it's time to create a new initrd:

# mkinitrd -k /boot/vmlinuz -i /boot/initrd

After that edit the file "/etc/udev/rules.d/20-blockdev.rules" so that it contains the following content:

# tune block device
KERNEL=="vd[a-d]", ATTR{removable}=="0", RUN+="/lib/udev/blockdev"
KERNEL=="sd[a-d]", ATTR{removable}=="0", RUN+="/lib/udev/blockdev"
KERNEL=="hd[a-d]", ATTR{removable}=="0", RUN+="/lib/udev/blockdev"

So "shutdown -h now" and change the scsi-hdd to virtio-hdd by deleting the scsi-hdd and readding it as a virtio-hdd in the "Proxmox VE"-WebGUI.

Start the Astaro-VM and look via the VNC-console by pressing "F2" on the booting machine whether everything works fine.

Et voila - that's it! =D

[slotti, 29.07.2011]