Native ZFS for Linux on Proxmox 2.0
- 2012-02-25. check http://zfsonlinux.org/ See the Documentation and Community Resources for more information and help.
I had tried 3 other operating systems including Debian/kFreebsd and for each was able to recover all the zfs file systems from previous installs. Even with disk name changes [bsd uses ad11, linux sdb ] no data was lost. Today I set up zfsonlinux using the following info on 2 prox 2.0 systems
# apt key apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys F6B0FC61 #sources: echo "deb http://ppa.launchpad.net/zfs-native/stable/ubuntu lucid main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/zfs.list aptitude update aptitude install dkms pve-headers-$(uname -r)
- this is needed for dkms to work:
ln -s /lib/modules/2.6.32-10-pve/build /lib/modules/2.6.32-10-pve/source
Maybe someone who knows how to write a patch could submit one and suggest this be done when kernel is upgraded? Otherwise I think when the Proxmox kernel upgrades, dkms build may fail if this is not done [ using new pve-headers ).
then install zfs
aptitude install ubuntu-zfs
currently this needs to be done when a kernel upgrade occurs.
- before reboot:
- 126.96.36.199 upgrade from 188.8.131.52 did before reboot [ for you would need to change 2.6.32-11-pve if different version.
aptitude install pve-headers-2.6.32-11-pve ln -s /lib/modules/2.6.32-11-pve/build /lib/modules/2.6.32-11-pve/source
- this will force modules to be built ( there is probably a better way to do this , so correct this if you know how to make dkms do the build ).
aptitude reinstall spl-dkms zfs-dkms
- install these
aptitude install build-essential gawk alien fakeroot zlib1g-dev uuid uuid-dev libssl-dev parted pve-headers-$(uname -r)
- get make and install spl
cd /usr/src git clone https://github.com/zfsonlinux/spl.git cd spl ./configure make deb dpkg -i *.deb modprobe spl
- get make and install zfs
cd /usr/src git clone https://github.com/zfsonlinux/zfs.git cd zfs ./configure make deb dpkg -i *.deb
- make sure module can load
- install debs does not do this:
update-rc.d zfs defaults
- note , the deb files made above can be used to install zfs on another system.
- if there is a pre existing zfs pool then simply use the next line to recover it. this can happen if you re-install proxmox and have zfs disks from before.
- If there is a need or want I could set up a repository with pre build debs. Just send an email .
Creating Pools and Filesystems
use raidz2 or mirror in main data systems.
Create a raidz pool named “tank”
zpool create -f -o ashift=12 tank raidz /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd /dev/sde /dev/sdf /dev/sdg /dev/sdh
- note this happened to 2 or 3 disks the 1-st time. these were disks from a 3-ware raid.
zpool create -f -o ashift=12 tank raidz2 /dev/sda /dev/sdb /dev/sdc /dev/sdd /dev/sde /dev/sdf /dev/sdg /dev/sdh invalid vdev specification the following errors must be manually repaired: cannot stat /dev/sdg2: No such file or directory
had to use fdisk to add partitions 1 , 2 etc to those disks . I forget if I left the partitions there or not. but had to add to get this fixed.
NOTE: This is quite risky if you intend to deploy ZFS on a server. Any changes to the operating system's devices layout will break your pool. Don't create a pool using device names like
/dev/sda. For persistence, use devices under
/dev/disk/by-id. - Bryan Baldwin
Create directories and mount points
zfs create tank/data zfs set mountpoint=/data tank/data
- mount all
zfs mount -a
to start over
zpool destroy zfs-pool
- Automatically NFS-export all home directories [ I do not know how to use zfs nfs yet , or if it works yet in linux...].
zfs set sharenfs=rw tank/home
- check sharenfs
zfs get sharenfs tank/home NAME PROPERTY VALUE SOURCE tank/home sharenfs rw local
- Turn on compression for everything in the pool
zfs set compression=on tank
see thread on prox forum , per user Nemesiz :
zfs set primarycache=all tank
- kvm config:
- change cache to Write Back
- You can do it using web GUI or manually. Example:
if not set this happened:
qm start 4016 kvm: -drive file=/data/pve-storage/images/4016/vm-4016-disk-1.raw,if=none,id=drive-virtio1,aio=native,cache=none: could not open disk image /data/pve-storage/images/4016/vm-4016-disk-1.raw: Invalid argument
and this has some very important information to know before implementing zfs on a production system.
check these well written manual pages:
man zfs man zpool
How to install ZFS-fuse under Proxmox
(Tested with Kernel 2.6.32)
apt-get install build-essential libaio-dev libattr1-dev libacl1-dev libz-dev libz-dev libfuse-dev libfuse2 scons libssl-dev wget -nd http://zfs-fuse.net/releases/0.6.0/zfs-fuse-0.6.0.tar.bz2 tar jxvf zfs-fuse-0.6.0.tar.bz2 cd zfs-fuse-0.6.0 cd src scons scond install
Note: zfs-fuse-0.6.0 is now (Dec 2012) deprecated. Use zfs-fuse-0.7.0.tar.bz2 instead.
Fire up ZFS-fuse daemon
zpool create -m /var/lib/vz/images2 /dev/sdb
zfs create images2/109
ZFS clone a vm 109 to vm 110
zfs snapshot images2/109@master zfs clone images2/109@master images2/110
As of 2012-02 the squeeze version does not have NFS, so AFAIK can not be used for Proxmox storage. When Debsd has nfs support then I'd use this for storage of iso's and backups to start. In the mean time this works as a samba server..
zfs works much better using Debian/GNU kFreeBSD then fuse.
after installing the system to kvm or hardware:
- add some disks . in KVM i was only able to get ide to work.
- the scsi disks look like:
ls /dev/ad* /dev/ad10 /dev/ad10s1 /dev/ad10s2 /dev/ad11 /dev/ad12 /dev/ad13
- per http://www.solarisinternals.com/wiki/index.php/ZFS_Best_Practices_Guide - if I read it right - use entire disk not slices for zfs (I assume slices = partitions).
- if the disks have partition tables, then clear them. just not the operating system disk! I used fdisk to clear the tables. This may not be necessary , if it is not then please delete this part.
fdisk /dev/ad11 o w
then same for ad12 and ad13
- install this
aptitude install zfsutils
- make a pool
zpool create -f zfs-pool /dev/ad11 /dev/ad12 /dev/ad13
df | grep zfs-pool zfs-pool zfs 1.4T 18K 1.4T 1% /zfs-pool