Storage: ZFS

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Revision as of 09:55, 5 March 2013 by Bryan Baldwin (talk | contribs) (Don't make ZFS arrays with normal device names!)
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Native ZFS for Linux on Proxmox 2.0

  • 2012-02-25. check See the Documentation and Community Resources for more information and help.

I had tried 3 other operating systems including Debian/kFreebsd and for each was able to recover all the zfs file systems from previous installs. Even with disk name changes [bsd uses ad11, linux sdb ] no data was lost. Today I set up zfsonlinux using the following info on 2 prox 2.0 systems

using dkms

# apt key
apt-key adv --keyserver --recv-keys  F6B0FC61

echo "deb lucid   main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/zfs.list

aptitude update

aptitude install dkms pve-headers-$(uname -r)
  • this is needed for dkms to work:
ln -s /lib/modules/2.6.32-10-pve/build /lib/modules/2.6.32-10-pve/source

Maybe someone who knows how to write a patch could submit one and suggest this be done when kernel is upgraded? Otherwise I think when the Proxmox kernel upgrades, dkms build may fail if this is not done [ using new pve-headers ).

then install zfs

aptitude install ubuntu-zfs

kernel upgrade

currently this needs to be done when a kernel upgrade occurs.

  • before reboot: upgrade from did before reboot [ for you would need to change 2.6.32-11-pve if different version.
aptitude install pve-headers-2.6.32-11-pve
ln -s /lib/modules/2.6.32-11-pve/build /lib/modules/2.6.32-11-pve/source
  • this will force modules to be built ( there is probably a better way to do this , so correct this if you know how to make dkms do the build ).
aptitude reinstall spl-dkms  zfs-dkms

using git

  • install these
aptitude install build-essential gawk alien fakeroot zlib1g-dev uuid uuid-dev libssl-dev parted  pve-headers-$(uname -r) 
  • get make and install spl
cd /usr/src
git clone
cd spl
make deb
dpkg -i *.deb
modprobe spl
  • get make and install zfs
cd /usr/src
git clone
cd zfs
make deb
dpkg -i *.deb
  • make sure module can load
modprobe zfs
  • install debs does not do this:
update-rc.d zfs defaults
  • note , the deb files made above can be used to install zfs on another system.
  • if there is a pre existing zfs pool then simply use the next line to recover it. this can happen if you re-install proxmox and have zfs disks from before.
zpoo  </cman>

  • If there is a need or want I could set up a repository with pre build debs. Just send an email .

Creating Pools and Filesystems

use raidz2 or mirror in main data systems.

Create a raidz pool named “tank”

zpool create  -f -o ashift=12 tank  raidz  /dev/sda  /dev/sdb  /dev/sdc  /dev/sdd  /dev/sde  /dev/sdf  /dev/sdg  /dev/sdh
  • note this happened to 2 or 3 disks the 1-st time. these were disks from a 3-ware raid.
zpool create  -f -o ashift=12 tank  raidz2   /dev/sda  /dev/sdb  /dev/sdc  /dev/sdd  /dev/sde  /dev/sdf  /dev/sdg  /dev/sdh
invalid vdev specification
the following errors must be manually repaired:
cannot stat /dev/sdg2: No such file or directory

had to use fdisk to add partitions 1 , 2 etc to those disks . I forget if I left the partitions there or not. but had to add to get this fixed.

NOTE: This is quite risky if you intend to deploy ZFS on a server. Any changes to the operating system's devices layout will break your pool. Don't create a pool using device names like /dev/sda. For persistence, use devices under /dev/disk/by-id. - Bryan Baldwin

Create directories and mount points

zfs create tank/data
zfs set mountpoint=/data tank/data
  • mount all
zfs mount -a


to start over

zpool destroy zfs-pool

Setting Properties

  • Automatically NFS-export all home directories [ I do not know how to use zfs nfs yet , or if it works yet in linux...].
zfs set sharenfs=rw tank/home
  • check sharenfs
zfs get sharenfs tank/home
tank/home  sharenfs  rw        local
  • Turn on compression for everything in the pool
zfs set compression=on tank

kvm tuning

see thread on prox forum , per user Nemesiz :

  • pool:
zfs set primarycache=all tank
  • kvm config:
  • change cache to Write Back
You can do it using web GUI or manually. Example:
ide0: data_zfs:100/vm-100-disk-1.raw,cache=writeback

if not set this happened:

qm start 4016
kvm: -drive file=/data/pve-storage/images/4016/vm-4016-disk-1.raw,if=none,id=drive-virtio1,aio=native,cache=none: could not open disk image /data/pve-storage/images/4016/vm-4016-disk-1.raw: Invalid argument

zfs links and docs

and this has some very important information to know before implementing zfs on a production system.

check these well written manual pages:

man zfs

man zpool

How to install ZFS-fuse under Proxmox

(Tested with Kernel 2.6.32)

 apt-get install build-essential libaio-dev libattr1-dev libacl1-dev libz-dev libz-dev libfuse-dev libfuse2 scons libssl-dev
 wget -nd
 tar jxvf zfs-fuse-0.6.0.tar.bz2
 cd zfs-fuse-0.6.0
 cd src
 scond install

Note: zfs-fuse-0.6.0 is now (Dec 2012) deprecated. Use zfs-fuse-0.7.0.tar.bz2 instead.

Fire up ZFS-fuse daemon


Create Zpool

 zpool create -m /var/lib/vz/images2 /dev/sdb

Create ZFS

 zfs create images2/109

ZFS clone a vm 109 to vm 110

 zfs snapshot images2/109@master
 zfs clone images2/109@master images2/110

Debian GNU/kFreeBSD

As of 2012-02 the squeeze version does not have NFS, so AFAIK can not be used for Proxmox storage. When Debsd has nfs support then I'd use this for storage of iso's and backups to start. In the mean time this works as a samba server..

zfs works much better using Debian/GNU kFreeBSD then fuse.

after installing the system to kvm or hardware:

  • add some disks . in KVM i was only able to get ide to work.
  • the scsi disks look like:
ls /dev/ad*
/dev/ad10  /dev/ad10s1  /dev/ad10s2  /dev/ad11  /dev/ad12  /dev/ad13
  • if the disks have partition tables, then clear them. just not the operating system disk! I used fdisk to clear the tables. This may not be necessary , if it is not then please delete this part.
fdisk /dev/ad11

then same for ad12 and ad13

  • install this
aptitude install zfsutils
  • make a pool
zpool create -f  zfs-pool /dev/ad11 /dev/ad12  /dev/ad13
df | grep zfs-pool
zfs-pool       zfs    1.4T   18K  1.4T   1% /zfs-pool