Developer Workstations with Proxmox VE and X11

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Introduction

Proxmox VE is primarily used as virtualization platform with NO additional software installed. In some case it makes sense to have a full desktop running on Proxmox VE, for example for developers using Proxmox VE as their primary workstation/desktop.

Installing additional packages could lead to a hardly upgradeable system and is not supported from the Proxmox support team and therefore only for expert use.

Install a standard Proxmox VE system

Just install the standard Proxmox VE, following this guide: Installation

Custom installations: Install Proxmox VE on Debian Buster

Install X-windows

Update your repository and system by running:

apt-get update && apt-get dist-upgrade

I choose xfce4 desktop as this a lightweight desktop environment. If you prefer another one, just replace xfce4 with lxde, gnome, icewm, kde, ...

apt-get install xfce4 chromium lightdm

Start X-windows

Before starting the x-windows, create a normal user with:

# adduser newusername

Start the login manager:

systemctl start lightdm

or just reboot.

Optional: Linux Mint Mate Desktop

Install Proxmox VE as described above.

install from Debian repository.

apt-get install mate

Optional: NVidia Drivers

# tested proxmox 5.3
# nouveau was faulting system. blacklist or unload driver 
# lspci -k |grep VGA
# add 0000: to unbind driver.
# echo "0000:24:00.0" > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/nouveau/unbind
# blacklist 
echo "blacklist nouveau" >> /etc/modprobe.d/blacklist.conf
# /etc/apt/sources.list
# PVE pve-no-subscription repository provided by proxmox.com,
# NOT recommended for production use
# deb http://download.proxmox.com/debian/pve stretch pve-no-subscription



# enable non-free
cat <<EOF >>/etc/apt/sources.list
deb http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch main contrib non-free

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian-security/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian-security/ stretch/updates main contrib non-free

deb http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://deb.debian.org/debian stretch-updates main contrib non-free
EOF


# install the headers and nvidia-drivers
apt install pve-headers
apt-get update 
apt-get install  nvidia-driver